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Journal index: main thematic index

 
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John_Gledhill



Joined: 06 Oct 2007

Posts: 154
Location: Wellesbourne, UK

PostPosted: Tue Jun 30, 2009 6:44 pm    Post subject: Journal index: main thematic index If a post contains some illegal issues you may abuse on it - just click Abuse and fill the form Reply with quote

Thematic index, part 1, A-M
Scroll down for N-Z.

References show journal issue number and page number (see general notes).

The decision on what is worth having a heading in this index is necessarily subjective, and suggestions of other headings are welcomed, though the editor's decision is final on whether to take up the suggestion, in order to maintain a consistency of approach.

Please inform the forum manager of any omissions or errors in this index.

Individual countries and postal order types are in the separate indexes.

Adverts
See “Post office notices”, and “gift cards”

Armed forces salaries by Postal Order, conscription
5,15; 7,19; 8,12; 8,14; 30,5; 42,4;

Auctions
Public auction reports are not normally indexed here. For POS auctions see separate “Society business” index.
- David Proskey collection of US postal notes: 50,20;

Backs of postal orders
See “Reverse”

Bars above/below signature line
16,5 (pic);77,6; 99,4;

Bibliographies
See separate index ”miscellaneous”

Blue: dark and pale
See separate index of particular issues
24,4

Boer War
- Map: 49,17 (pic);
- Roodewal - Theft & destruction of POs and datestamp: 21,11 (pic); 42,8 (pic); 47,6 (pic); 48,24 (pic); 49,16 (pic);
- - stolen orders presented for payment in UK: 46,6 (pic);
- Picture of Roodewal station: 42,9 (pic);

Booklets of postal orders
3,3; 13,13 (pic); 14,12 (pic); 19,6; 49,4 (pic); 56,1 (pic); 56,2; 70,4; 89,4; 92,4; 94,4; 96,6; 97,14; 99,4;
- Cape of Good Hope: 62,9; 68,11;

Box
See “Stamp boxes”

British Library
34,14;

British Money Order Branch
3,18;

Broken amounts
See “Stamp boxes”

"Cancelled" overprint
See "Specimens", which includes "School Specimens"

Cancellation by punching
See also “Rabinow trials”
10,8 (pic); 11,12; 15,15 (pic); 20,3 (pic); 41,5 (pic); 95,3; 96,6 (pic);
- US “star” punching: 44,10 (pic);

Catalogues, and need for more
see separate index ”society business”

“Cheque Bank”
Private precursor to postal orders
19,11 (pic); 40,4;
- “Money Order Bank Ltd”: 30,14 (pic); 31,3;

Cigarette cards
See separate index ”miscellaneous”

Climax datestamps
See “Datestamps”

Collecting postal orders
See separate index ”miscellaneous”

Commonwealth reply coupons
See “International reply coupons”

Competitions (not Society competitions)
See also Index on: “Society matters”
GPO: 15,7; 73,4 (pic); 79,3;

Condition
See “Valuations”

Counterfoils
Note: many illustrations show counterfoils - they are only indexed here if the article is about counterfoils. If you are interested in counterfoils you should look at every item shown as having a "(pic)" or in the Illustrations)
4,13; 5,10 (pic); 6,6 (pic); 6,12; 6,13 (pic); 8,13 (pic); 8,15; 10,5; 12,3 (pic); 12,4 (pic); 12,7; 13,2; 14,5 (pic); 15,7; 21,7 (pic); 24,3; 40,4; 48,1 (pic) (nb, this item does not exist, it was an "April Fool" by Howard Lunn); 56,4 (pic); 57,4 (pic); 57,8; 58,4 (pic); 61,4 (pic); 63,4 (pic); 64,4 (pic); 66,18 (pic); 67,9 (pic); 75,19 (pic); 87,7; 88,8 (pic); 89,4 (pic); 96,6; 96,11 (pic); 97,7 (pic); 97,8;
- fonts: 5,10 (pic); 12,3 (pic); 27,3; 38,6; 84,18 (pic);
- different serial number on counterfoil – see “serial numbers”

Countries issuing postal orders, or accepting them for payment
Individual countries are in the separate index.
List of countries: 3,18; 16,12; 17,3; 18,12; 27,19; 31,5; 34,14; 49,23;

Crimes solved/disproved by postal orders, etc
See separate index ”miscellaneous”

Currency: use of postal orders
See "Legal tender"

Current issues digest (regular item)
See separate indexes of specific issues and countries.

Cut-outs
Offered as “head die proofs”: 36,6 (pic);

Cyphers
See “Serial numbers”

Datestamp
Note: many illustrations show datestamps - they are only indexed here if the article is about datestamps. If you are interested in datestamps you should look at every item shown as having a "(pic)" or in the Illustrations). See also under “post offices”.
3,19; 13,7; 36,7; 37,17; 41,19; 55,6 (pic); 60,9 (pic); 67,11 (pic); 76,4; 80,4 (pic); 81,7 (pic); 82,22; 99,4; 100,7 (pic); 101,2;
- Climax dated stamps: 20,9 (pic); 37,5 (pic); 40,4; 47,3; 61,3; 63,8; 64,3; 72,21;
- errors: 78,24 (pic); 82,16 (pic);
- forged: 46,3;
- ink colour: 36,3;
- perforated (eg by Pools companies): 1,7 (pic); 13,3 (pic); 13,13 (pic); 15,10; 43,4; 44,4; 65,8; 81,4 (pic); 83,5 (pic); 87,7; 90,2; 90,4 (pic); 93,4 (pic); 99,4 (pic);
- printed sideways by machine (“T-type”): 57,8 (pic); 58,15 (pic); 84,22 (pic);
- theft of datestamp: see “Boer War”

Decimalisation (general)
For specific postal order types are in the separate index.
9,12;
- Dual currency (general): 3,14; 4,5; 10,11; 48,1 (pic) (nb, this item does not exist, it was an "April Fool" by Howard Lunn);
- late use of pre-decimal order in 1973: 34,16 (pic);

Denominations
1,5;
- “open value” to £200: 41,1-2 (pic); 41,18; 43,21;

Design
See also “Essays”, “Reverse types”
- figure “3”: 49,21 (pic);
- George V: 5,8 (pic); 6,26 (pic); 14,3; 21,12;
- Queen Elizabeth (and delays in issuing 1st Queen Elizabeth): 7,2 (pic); 24,4; 7,5 (pic); 7,12; 8,2; 23,11 (pic); 38,9 (pic); 46,4 (pic); 47,2;

Destruction of used orders
Boer War: 21,11 (pic); & see “Boer War”
Snodland paper mill fire: 41,5 (pic);

Disposing of collections
See “Valuation”

Dual currency
See “Decimalisation”

Edward VIII, abdication
9,7; 42,4;

Errors
General: 42,4; 74,9;
- 5d stamp box during period of 5d/11d boxes: 11,3 (pic); 58,4 (pic);
- bars: wrong number of bars on 3/6d (nb not an error): 16,5 (pic);
- blank parts (UK): 74,9 (pic);
- datestamp errors, see under “Datestamps”
- decimal order with dual currency counterfoil: 48,1 (pic) (nb, this item does not exist, it was an "April Fool" by Howard Lunn);
- double overprint:
- - Ghana: 41,17 (pic);
- - Sudan: 90,17 (pic);
- double printed reverse: 15,17 (pic);
- “ear” flaw on 1s 1962: 44,20 (pic);
- misplaced black printing: 65,12 (pic);
- missing colour:
- - Malaysia: 52,16 (pic);
- - UK: 74,13 (pic);
- paper fold (Ghana): 41,17 (pic);
- paper join (UK): 74,9 (pic);
- poundage wrong: Ed7 & QE - 37,33 (pic);
- poundage misprinted (G6 machine): 98,9 (pic);
- “rudder” miscuts:
- - 12½p: 47,1 (pic);
- - 40p + 12½p: 17,26 (pic); 74,12 (pic);
- - 2 @ £2: 29,20 (pic);
- serial numbers on PO and counterfoil differ: 6,12 (pic); 101,3 (pic);
- serial numbers with extra digit (1000000): see under “Serial numbers”
- serial numbers omitted (Malaysia): 53,21 (pic);
- size of 1s and 3s (smaller): 15,15;
- spelling mistakes:
- - India: 45,17 (pic);
- - “Fifteen pound”: 74,13 (pic);
- - “maxiumum” misspelling on £10 order: 39,1-2 (pic); 42,3;
- - microtext misspellings (security feature, not error): 23,11 (pic); 24,17;
- - “One dollars”, “Hundred Dollars”, Singapore: 96,18 (pic);
- - “Posta Order” (sic) on counterfoil: 61,4 (pic); 63,3;
- - “watermark” on Irish PO inscription: 100,10 (pic);
- watermark inverted or reversed: see “Watermarks”

Essays, proofs
42,4;
- “Abergavenny” essays: 19,6 (pic); 26,1 (pic);
- Australia: 49,10 (pic); 98,15 (pic);
- Cape of Good Hope: 68,11 (pic);
- cut outs sold as “proofs”: 36,6 (pic);
- Dublin money orders: 21,9 (pic);
- India: 78,3; 84,4 (pic);
- legal tender essays: 20,7 (pic); 95,5 (pic);
- Money Order (Newcastle): 64,1 (pic); 64,20 (pic);
- NPM acquisitions: 37,4;
- Norfolk Island: 49,10 (pic);
- Orange River Colony: 5,14; 25,12 (pic); 62,9 (pic); 68,11 (pic);
- Pension overprints on postal orders: 96,5;
- Promotional “skeleton” used for potential customers: 43,2;
- Queen Elizabeth £5 (date not stated): 45,1 (pic);
- Queen Elizabeth first design (bottom frame no bars) Queen Elizabeth: 46,4 (pic);
- - misnamed “experimental”: 39,4 (pic);
- Queen Elizabeth pre-decimal 21/-, £2, £5 “may be unapproved designs”: 41,4;
- Queen Victoria “gold” proofs: 78,2; 97,1 (pic); 97,3 (pic);
- Queen Victoria 1s: 52,1 (pic);
- Queen Victoria head essays: 52,5 (pic);
- Queensland: 98,15 (pic);
- South Africa: 97,7 (pic);
- Sri Lanka: 53,14 (pic); 91,7 (pic);
- Transkei: 68,25 (pic);
- Transvaal: 5,14; 25,12 (pic);
- USA “Arkama” fictitious place used on essays: 49,13 (pic);
- Venda: 68,25 (pic);
- Victoria: 69,17 (pic);

Exhibition reports
4,2; 16,3; 16,4; 45,18;

Fire at the mill
See “Destruction”

First day of issue of postal orders
Issues with serial “000001”
- Accrington: 28,8 (pic); 64,3; 64,20 (pic); 79,7 (pic);
- Chief Office, London EC: 16,13 (pic); 88,19 (pic);
- Leighton Buzzard: 16,13 (pic); 92,4 (pic);
- Lombard Street: 95,2 (pic); 96,2; 98,3;
- South Petherton: 49,1-2 (pic);
- Tring: 35,1 (pic);
- unspecified: 51,2; 96,2;

Flaws
See “Errors”

Foreign Post Offices
See separate index of “countries”

Forgery, Fraud
See also “Toy postal orders”, “crimes”, “security”, and also “Journal Policy: use of illustrations” in Society Matters index
4,5; 5,13; 21,4; 32,5; 36,6 (pic); 38,3; 43,4; 52,18; 55,16; 56,15; 73,3; 73,20; 77,16; 78,3; 81,3; 81,20; 82,3; 95,10; 97,4;
- forged datestamps: 46,3;
- forged stamps, “Stock exchange forgeries”: 26,10 (pic); 27,4 (pic); 28,4 (pic);
- “spot” in “R” in design to help counter staff identify forgeries: 44,2; 44,16 (pic);
- thermotext: 48,2;

FPOs
See separate index of “countries”
- Issues at army bases: 29,3 (pic);

”Gay” gift cards
See “Gift cards”

General surveys and non-specific items, examples of usage
See also separate index ”miscellaneous”
1,10; 3,25; 8,14; 8,25; 21,10; 24,12; 29,4 (pic); 30,4; 30,25; 31,3; 31,22; 32,4; 33,4; 34,3; 34,5 (pic); 35,4; 36,4; 37,35; 38,5; 38,14; 38,16; 42,19 (pic);
- issue of Irish postal orders in India: 5,15;

George King
and brother Reginald Charles King.
42,5; 43,5 (pic); 44,5 (pic); 48,8 (pic); 52,4; 60,2; 63,18;

Gift cards, gift-aid, gift tokens, national savings
6,13 (pic); 7,25*2 (pic); 12,4 (pic); 16,1 (pic); 34,19 (pic); 38,6; 43,11 (pic); 46,4 (pic); 67,2 (pic); 67,4; 71,4; 71,6 (pic); 75,2 (pic); 80,2; 80,18; 85,5; 86,2 (pic);
- “Gay” gift cards
- - nickname from slogan “Postal order gift cards make gifts gayer” (1962): 44,4;
- - associated postmark slogan “Postal Order Gift Cards make gay gift messages”: 7,25 (pic);

Glossary of terms
A: 38,6; B: 39,7; C: 40,4; D: 41,4; E: 42,4; F: 43,4; G: 44,4; H: 45,4; I: 48,4;

”Going Postal”
See separate index ”miscellaneous”

Government correspondence & archives
See also “Post office notices”
11,20; 13,13 (pic); 14,3; 21,12 (pic);

GPO
See “Post office”

Guinea (21s) postal orders
14,5 (pic); 19,4 (pic);

Hobby
See “Collecting”

Imitation postal orders
See “Toy postal orders”

Imperial reply coupons
See “International reply coupons”

International Reply Coupons (IRCs)
25,10; 42,3; 59,6 (pic); 60,9; 62,3; 68,3; 70,21; 74,8 (pic); 75,4 (pic); 79,3; 79,7 (pic); 81,3; 81,24; 82,23; 93,3; 96,3;

Jigsaws
(promotional jigsaw issued by Post Marketing Surveillance Unit, see index of Promotional Orders)

King (George King)
See “George King”

Legal tender
2,4 (pic); 2,11 (pic); 3,16; 8,13; 9,1; 16,15; 17,1 (pic); 17,10 (pic); 20,7 (pic); 25,1 (pic); 32,5; 38,1 (pic); 38,3; 40,4; 40,6 (pic); 52,18; 81,4 (pic);
- essays: 20,7 (pic); 95,5 (pic);
- with stamp affixed: 32,5 (pic);
- “Not Negotiable” added to forestall them being used as currency: 42,16;

Literary references, poems
See separate index ”miscellaneous”; excludes references to articles & mentions in other journals

Littlewoods pools
See also ”Perforated datestamps”
21,3;

Machine printed orders (general)
For specific postal order types see the separate index.
The references here are only to the King George VI machines and early Queen Elizabeth slot machines, not the Queen Elizabeth computer-issued postal orders introduced on 27 April 2006, nor computer-printed promotionals

9,14 (pic); 9,15 (pic); 13,5 (pic); 20,1; 31,18 (pic); 32,22; 51,4 (pic); 58,4 (pic); 65,8 (pic); 70,4; 87,7 (pic); 89,4 (pic); 98,9 (pic); 99,4;
- pair unsevered: 19,42 (pic);

Maps
Australia: 34,9 (pic); 36,11 (pic); 41,9 (pic);
Papua: 43,15 (pic);
South Africa (Boer War): 49,17 (pic); & see “Boer War”

Market value
See "Valuations"

MICR
Magnetic Ink Character Recognition
45,16 (pic);

Money orders
Note: some writers and countries use the term “money order”, “postal note” and “postal order” as synonyms.
- Definitions in OED and Britannica: 45,3; 45,4; 46,3;
- Originator Daniel Stow: 52,19 (pic);
countries:
- Algeria: 101,11 (pic);
- Australia: 41,9 (pic); 45,19; 47,17 (pic); 68,3;
- Austria: 33,8; 37,2;
- Barbados: 33,4 (pic);
- Bermuda: 86,16 (pic);
- British Virgin Is: 68,6 (pic);
- Canada: 10,10 (pic); 51,17 (pic);
- Canal Zone: 65,13 (pic);
- Cape of Good Hope: 64,13;
- China: 63,16 (pic);
- Falklands: 38,4 (pic);
- France: 76,13 (pic); 100,11 (pic);
- French Polynesia: 76,19 (pic);
- Germany: 33,8 (pic);
- - Security stamps: 50,24 (pic);
- Guyana: 33,4 (pic);
- Hawaii: 88,10 (pic);
- Hungary: 77,3 (pic);
- India: 60,14; 78,3; 85,10 (pic); 98,3 (pic);
- Indian States (Gwalior, Jind, Patiala, Nabha): 83,4 (pic);
- Indonesia: 38,4;
- Ireland: 67,12; 72,5 (pic); 75,20 (pic); 86,24 (pic);
- Italy: 37,2;
- Money Order Bank – see “Cheque Bank”.
- New Zealand: 7,12; 33,4 (pic); 45,3; 99,14 (pic);
- Nigeria: 75,7 (pic);
- Seychelles: 47,20 (pic);
- Sri Lanka: 91,7 (pic);
- UK: 15,9; 20,9; 23,7 (pic); 26,4 (pic); 36,7 (pic); 37,3; 38,4; 38,18 (pic); 42,19 (pic); 44,4; 52,7 (pic); 55,1 (pic); 63,19 (pic); 64,2 (pic); 64,3; 64,20 (pic); 66,20; 68,6 (pic); 79,7 (pic); 86,26 (pic); 95,3;
- - UK bicentenary: 26,4;
- USA: 2,6; 3,24; 6,17 (pic); 25,17 (pic); 27,11 (pic); 29,18 (pic); 31,13 (pic); 33,10 (pic); 40,18 (pic); 45,7 (pic); 69,11 (pic); 73,3; 89,3 (pic);
- - USA toy money orders: 39,18 (pic);
- Yugoslavia: 5,21 (pic);

version: 8 August 2011 to issue 101



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Last edited by John_Gledhill on Mon Aug 08, 2011 10:31 am; edited 1 time in total
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John_Gledhill



Joined: 06 Oct 2007

Posts: 154
Location: Wellesbourne, UK

PostPosted: Mon Aug 08, 2011 10:20 am    Post subject: If a post contains some illegal issues you may abuse on it - just click Abuse and fill the form Reply with quote

Thematic index, part 2, N-Z

References show journal issue number and page number (see general notes).

The decision on what is worth having a heading in this index is necessarily subjective, and suggestions of other headings are welcomed, though the editor's decision is final on whether to take up the suggestion, in order to maintain a consistency of approach.

Please inform the forum manager of any omissions or errors in this index.

Individual countries and postal order types are in the separate indexes.

National Savings gift tokens
See “Gift cards”

New issues (UK)
1,4 (pic); 1,5; 5,6; 7,2; 7,4; 7,5; 8,2; 9,1; 9,2; 17,7 (pic);
- £15 trial issue: 19,1 (pic); 22,4 (pic);

”Not Negotiable”
See “Legal Tender”

Open value
See “Denomination”

Origins of postal orders and money orders
1,3; 1,10; 2,6; 2,8; 15,9; 16,9; 21,9; 22,2; 23,7 (pic); 26,1 (pic); 28,8; 31,22; 38,4; 40,4; 43,4; 43,9 (pic); 44,4; 49,4; 52,9; 88,3; 93,3;
- bicentenary of money orders: 26,4;

Overprints
See specific countries in separate index. See also under "poundage: provisional"
Note: images of many overprinted GB postal orders can be seen on the web page of the GB Overprints Society, www.gbos.org.uk
18,4;
- albino overprints: 25,3;
- definition of “surcharge”: 28,3;
- earliest known overprint (Transvaal): 36,19 (pic); for other references see country index under “Transvaal”.

Packaging of Postal Orders
Packing labels: 42,18 (pic);

Paper
45,4;

Payment authorised, Paid out of date
(charge equivalent to poundage for presentation after validity period)
9,9; 12,4 (pic); 12,9; 15,15 (pic); 20,12 (pic); 23,14 (pic);

Payment refused
In Jamaica: 18,9 (pic);

Pension orders
9,1; 19,22 (pic); 21,12; 31,23; 32,23 (pic); 58,19 (pic); 74,3; 84,5 (pic); 85,9 (pic); 96,5;

Perfins on orders
Private/Security. For official usage see “Datestamps”, “Sorting: punched holes”
- in USA (“spifs”): 38,4;
- perfin stamps not valid on postal orders: 73,20;

Perforated datestamps (mass marketing)
See “Datestamps”, “Sorting: punched holes”, “Cancellation” and “Specimen”

Pink King George VI issues
1/8;
See GB types index, and "watermarks" below

Poetry
See “Literary references”

Pools companies, perforated datestamps[b]
See “Datestamps”

[b]Postal draft

Metropolitan Police: 34,1 (pic);

Postal scrip
27,14 (pic);

Postcards showing postal order
11,2 (pic); 33,1 (pic); 33,7 (pic); 33,8 (pic);

Postal Order Reconciliation Branch
3,18;

Post Marketing Surveillance Unit
See “Promotionals”, “Jigsaws”

Postmarks
See “Post office names” and “Datestamps”

Post office (British) & official notices
See also “Competitions”
5,13; 8,10; 9,12 (pic); 9,15 (pic); 9,18 (pic); 11,2 (pic); 11,26 (pic); 13,13 (pic); 14,1 (pic); 14,12 (pic); 15,9 (pic); 15,10 (pic); 16,1 (pic); 16,15 (pic); 17,10 (pic); 23,7 (pic); 25,18 (pic); 25,20 (pic); 33,17 (pic); 34,19 (pic); 34,20 (pic); 35,3 (pic); 39,22 (pic); 40,6 (pic); 42,18 (pic); 43,11 (pic); 58,8 (pic); 65,2 (pic); 73,4 (pic); 74,18 (pic); 99,4 (pic);
- 30,000 in Ed7 period: 45,3;
- Ephemera: list of GPO notices 1906-1992: 25,4;
- Form for undelivered POs returned as registered: 20,13 (pic);
- members asked not to contact PO direct for information: 42,2;
- web link URL: 48,3;

Post Office (not GB) & official notices
- Cape of Good Hope: 62,9 (pic);
- France & Algeria: 100,11 (pic);
- Hawaii: 88,10 (pic);
- Ireland: 63,4 (pic);

Post office names and types
1,3;
- GPO Mobile Office “GPO 1”: 94,3 (pic);
- Arkama (USA: fictitious place used for essays): 49,14 (pic);
- Bamburgh (temporary office): 82,22;
- Bonawe Quarries: 41,19 (pic);
- Coltishall (RAF): 65,2;
- Crystal Palace: 42,1 (pic);
- Deepcut Camp 84,2;
- exhibitions: 44,1 (pic); 44,7 (pic); 52,7 (pic); 58,13 (pic); 60,2 (pic); 68,6 (pic); 75,19 (pic);
- Forgue: 53,3;
- Halvergate: 61,3;
- Haroldswick (Shetland): 37,35 (pic);
- Kosovo (BFPO): 66,14;
- “Lover”: 3,25;
- Malaysia (Dato Karamat, KL): 49,9 (pic);
- Morris Cowley car works: 67,13;
- NAAFI: 37,17 (pic);
- Norfolk Is: 52,3;
- Norwood: 45,6 (pic);
- Penfold Golf tournament, Little Aston (temporary office): 67,11;
- Perranwell Station: 63,8;
- Perth, Western Australia: 36,11 (pic);
- Pontrhydfendiaid: 83,3;
- postal order slogans: 7,25;
- public houses: see ”miscellaneous”
- railway sub office (RSO): 36,7 (pic); 60,9; 82,10;
- South Kensington station: 63,8;
- Vere Street: see “Crimes: Carson, Winslow Boy”.
- Wolverhampton: 79,14;
- “Worlds End”: 3,25;
- Zambia: 63,11;

Poundage
Also known as "commission", "charge" etc in some countries.
See also “Payment authorised/refused”

3,14; 4,5*2; 5,9; 5,13; 6,19 (pic); 7,4; 7,12 (pic); 8,15; 8,25; 10,11; 11,3 (pic); 11,6 (pic); 11,26; 12,9; 17,3; 20,14; 22,3; 35,3 (pic); 39,9; 49,4; 52,5; 53,15; 60,14; 61,4; 61,10; 61,18; 62,9; 63,4; 64,13; 64,20; 65,17; 65,19; 67,9; 69,4; 72,5; 73,5; 74,9; 75,7; 77,19; 78,3; 78,8; 78,14; 79,4; 80,10; 80,12; 83,14; 84,15; 85,10; 87,7; 89,10; 90,7; 91,7; 91,16; 93,7; 94,4; 95,10; 97,14; 97,18; 98,18; 99,4; 100,11; 101,3;
- how to save poundage by multiple postal orders: 8,25;
- incorrect poundages: see under “errors”
- misprinted: see under “errors”
- punched out or barred: 4,5; 5,13; 10,11; 37,15 (pic); 89,10 (pic);
uprated provisional overprints:
- Bangladesh: 39,9 (pic);
- Falkland Is: 11,6 (pic);
- Fiji: 19,18 (pic);
- Ghana: 41,17 (pic);
- Ireland: 80,12;
- Jamaica: 4,7 (pic);
- Lesotho: 39,9 (pic);
- New Zealand: 6,19 (pic); 7,12 (pic);
- Nigeria: 97,19 (pic);
- Pakistan: 98,18 (pic);
- Tanzania: 46,16 (pic);
- Uganda: 39,9 (pic);
- UK: 3,14; 4,5*2; 5,13;35,5 (pic); 44,6 (pic); 70,4 (pic); 89,10 (pic); 99,4 (pic);
waived for charity appeals:
- India: 60,14;
- UK: 97,18;

Premium Bonds
63,8 (pic);

Press releases
See “Post Office notices”

Prefixes
See “Serial numbers”

Printers, printing
1,3; 9,14 (pic); 39,7; 45,4; 45,7; 56,4; 62,9; 68,11; 73,19; 87,7 (pic); 89,4; 93,11; 97,4;
- contract length: 6,6;

Prisoner of War issues
See “War

Promotional orders
For specific issues see separate index on Promotional Orders (including promotional jigsaw); illustrations are therefore not marked “pic” here – see separate index.
1,5*2; 2,2; 2,3; 3,3; 3,4*2; 4,4; 5,4; 5,6; 6,1; 6,4; 7,9*2; 7,10; 7,12; 8,4*2; 8,7; 8,9; 8,10; 9,3*3; 9,5; 10,2; 10,3; 11,1; 11,4; 12,7; 12,19; 13,1; 13,6; 15,1; 15,4; 15,7; 18,11; 21,15*2; 21,16; 22,12; 23,1; 24,13; 24,18; 25,18; 27,1; 27,13; 34,4; 36,1; 39,7; 50,4;
- Post Office promotion, 50p off: 27,24; 31,3;

Provisionals
See “Poundage”

Public Houses, “The postal order”
See separate index ”miscellaneous”

Punched holes
See “Sorting: punched holes”, “Perforated datestamps” and “Cancellation”

Quantities
1,5; 1,9; 2,2; 2,3; 3.4*2; 8,7; 9,15; 13,13; 14,12; 15,10; 18,13; 21,3; 25,14; 28,8; 29,13; 34,5; 45,19; 49,4; 53,15; 54,13; 56,2; 58,19; 59,3; 62,9; 68,11; 78,8; 85,10; 91,7;

Rabinow trials (automated accounting and cancellation)
See also “Cancellation”
10,5; 11,12; 11,14; 12,4; 13,3; 14,7; 15,15; 20,3 (pic);

Reverse, types
See also “Errors: double printed reverse”
8,15; 46,4 (pic); 47,4 (pic); 50,4 (pic); 51,4 (pic); 53,4 (pic); 54,6 (pic); 63,2 (pic); 64,4 (pic); 65,20 (pic); 66,12 (pic); 71,4 (pic); 71,6 (pic); 76,4 (pic); 77,6 (pic); 78,4 (pic); 84,5 (pic); 84,15 (pic); 85,5; 89,13; 90,20 (pic); 92,4; 94,4; 96,6 (pic); 99,4;
- Australia: 91,16 (pic);
- France: 90,7 (pic);
- Ghana: 77, 16 (pic);
- India: 78,14 (pic);
- Ireland: 63,4 (pic); 72,5 (pic); 92,16 (pic);
- Japan: 88,4 (pic);
- Malaysia: 56,11 (pic); 89,15 (pic);
- Nigeria: 75,7 (pic);
- Pension orders: 86,4 (pic);

Rowland Hill
- Money order origins: 38,4;
- Watermark: 36,1; 45,4; (for other entries see separate index on specific types/issues)
- watermark in frame, competition prize: 40,2;

Royal Mail
See “Post Office”

Ruhleben
See “War”

Savings stamps and business
33,12 (pic); 35,12 (pic); 64,3; 79,7 (pic); 86,2 (pic);

School specimens
See “Specimen”

Security features
13,13; 23,11 (pic); 24,17; 40,6; 44,2; 50,24 (pic); 52,18; 55,16; 77,2; 77,4; 77,16; 78,3; 78,14; 80,7; 80,19; 85,5; 86,25; 87,7; 91,16; 93,24; 95,2; 95,11; 97,3; 97,5; 97,8; 99,4;

Selling collections
See “Valuation”

Serial numbers, prefixes, “cyphers”
See also “First day of issue, serial 000001”, and “Errors”.
Clearly every illustrated postal order will show a serial number: see separate index of illustrations; those shown as (pic) here are in articles specifically about the structure of serial numbers to illustrate a point being discussed.
6,6 (pic); 6.12; 7,7; 8,2; 8,4; 8.15; 9,2; 9,3; 9,9; 9,15; 10,5; 10,11; 11,4; 12,3 (pic); 16,7 (pic); 17,7; 18,12; 21,13; 24,18; 26,14; 28,19; 29,5; 30,16; 31,18 (pic); 31,23; 36,10; 38,6; 42,16; 44,20; 45,7; 45,11; 53,21; 58,1; 58,4; 61,4; 61,10; 62,9; 64,4; 65,20; 66,4 (pic); 66,12; 67,12; 67,14; 68,11; 70,4; 74,4; 74,9; 75,7; 75,16; 76,4; 77,6; 77,16; 78,4; 78,14; 82,4; 82,18; 84,5; 84,15; 85,5; 86,4; 87,7; 88,4; 88,8; 89,4; 89,15; 91,16; 92,4; 93,7; 94,4; 95,11; 96,11; 97,7; 97,13; 97,14; 99,3; 99,4;
- PO instruction to withhold unusual numbers (& see “errors”): 30,1;
- 1000 000 error:
- - G6 6d 1/4A: 30,1 pic);
- - G6 6d C6/79: 58,1 pic);
- - QE 1/6d 71/6B: 97,7 pic);
- no space, error (QE 1/-): 70,12; 92,4 (pic);
- different on counterfoil: 6,12; 74,9 (pic);
- Hong Kong: 30,3;
- repetition (promotionals): 76,4;

Servicemen
See “Armed forces”

Signatories
99,3; 99,17 (pic); 100,2; 101,3; 101,4 (pic);

Size variations of postal orders
See also “Errors”
3,15; 7,10; 8,15;

Sorting (punched holes)
& see “Perforated datestamps”, “Cancellation by punching”
10,8 (pic); 45,4; 46,3; 92,4; 97,5 (pic); 97,8 (pic); 98,9; 99,4 (pic);
- composite picture of all locations: 47,12 (pic);

"Specimen, Cancelled" overprints
note: "cancelled" overprints have also been used in the New Zealand postal training school.
- “Cancelled”: 7,21; 7,22 (pic); 26,14 (pic); 36,10 (pic); 40,1 (pic); 59,5 (pic); 65,20 (pic); 68,4 (pic); 69,3 (pic); 70,4 (pic); 72,2 (pic); 76,4; 78,4 (pic); 97,7 (pic);
- “Specimen”: most journal cover sheets from 1,1 (pic); 7,9 (pic); 7,21; 7,22 (pic); 13,13 (pic); 17,3 (India); 24,14; 29,5 (pic); 31,4 (pic); 45,5 (pic); 59,6 (pic); 62,9 (pic); 69,4; 70,21 (pic); 74,4 (pic); 76,4; 79,2; 84,5 (pic); 84,15; 96,11 (pic); 99,4 (pic); 99,20 (pic); 100,4 (pic);
- - punctured: 11,4 (pic);
- “School Specimen”: 7,21*2; 7,22 (pic); 8,11 (pic); 10,11 (pic); 31,1 (pic); 35,15; 36,20 (pic); 37,15 (pic); 40,4 (pic); 51,3;64,4; 81,3; - - New Zealand: 7,23 (pic);

Stamp boxes for small upratings
Note: Post Office terminology for items with extra stamps is “broken amounts”
3,14; 3,19; 4,13; 5,8; 8,15; 10,11; 11,12; 18,3; 19,41; 22,3; 23,15 (pic); 24,18; 36,10; 38,9; 55,8 (pic); 61,10; 65,17; 65,20; 72,14; 84,15; 94,4; 96,11; 97,7; 99,4; 99,14;
- analysis of use of extra stamps on 28 March 1935 on pools coupons: 13,16;
- increase to 11d: 32,5; 39,1 (pic);
- increase to 9p: 1,12; 8,22;
- increase to 24p: 11,25; 12,1-2; 19,3; 23,15 (pic);
- increase to 49p: 19,1 (pic); 43,2;
- no maximum value in box: 24,1 (pic); 24,2;
- none on machine orders or open value orders, and affixed stamps ignored: 9,15; 41,18;
- “wrong” box on some G6 issues: 9,7 (pic); 11,3 (pic);
- validity of Frama stamps: 34,3;
- stamp box on UK postal orders modified specially for South Africa overprints: 94,17 (pic);

Stamps imprinted
ie as in postal stationery
3,16 (Ascher, Higgins & Gage listings);

Stamps overprinted
- India: 54,13 (pic);
- Sri Lanka: 95,10 (pic);

Stocks: using up old/erroneous stocks
See also “Forgeries: stock exchange”
7, 19; 9,7; 11,3; 17,3;

Strike, 1971
40,3;

Tender
See “Legal Tender”

Theft
See “Crimes”

Thermotext
See “Forgery”

Toy postal orders and imitations
48,4; 52,4; 89,3;
- Barnado’s: 55,18 (pic);
- Cadogan Laundry: 19,26 (pic);
- Children's: 39,15 (pic);
- Cinema Exhibition: 19,26 (pic);
- Dekkertown: 39,15 (pic);
- Disneyland: 39,15 (pic);
- Kaleidoscope: 59, 8 (pic); 65,24 (pic);
- Kiddies’ Post: 39,15 (pic); 91,3;
- Lilliput: 11,20 (pic);
- Pets: 39,15 (pic);
- Royal Theatre: 19,26 (pic);
- Sketchley Dye Works: 19,26 (pic);
- Tatcho Laboratories: 19,26 (pic);
- Tiny Town: 31,11 (pic); 31,12 (pic); 64,3;
- Toyland: 39,15 (pic);
- Toytown: 39,15 (pic);
- Youngtown: 39,15 (pic);
- French: 48,20 (pic); 66,16 (pic);
- USA toy money orders: 39,18 (pic);

Use up old stocks
See “Stocks”

Valuations, condition, disposal
1,8; 4,13; 5,14;
- Boer War stolen POs torn in half: 21,11 (pic); & see “Boer War”
- don’t donate collections to museums: 38,8;

War
See also “Boer War”
- Prisoner of War issues (Ruhleben): 48,5 (pic);
- restrictions: 38,4;
- US Civil War: 40,18 (pic);

Watermarks
On GB issues & general:
3,3; 7,7; 7,10; 8,4*2; 8,15; 9,2; 9,3; 9,7; 10,2; 10,3; 12,7; 17,3; 17,7; 19,41 (pic); 21,13; 21,15; 23,15 (pic); 24,18; 25,12 (pic); 29,5; 32,3; 33,20 (pic); 35,5; 36,2; 36,10; 37,3; 38,6; 38,9; 39,4 (pic); 39,7; 41,4; 42,4; 52,18; 56,4; 61,4; 62,3; 62,5; 64,4; 65,20; 66,12; 70,4; 74,4; 77,6; 80,7; 83,5; 84,15; 85,5; 92,4; 93,11; 96,6; 96,11; 97,8; 97,13; 99,4; 100,8;
- wmk inverted (GB): 83,5;
- wmk reversed (GB): 12,7; 32,3; 33,20 (pic);; 38,9;
- wmk sideways (GB): 66,2; 77,6; 89,2;
- - Differences in design of George VI wmk sideways: 72,4 (pic); 77,6 (pic);
- - pink instead of red George VI wmk sideways: 77,6 (pic);
---- all pink are wmk sideways, but some wmk sideways are red: 77,6;
- - different reverse on George VI 2nd poundage 12s & 20s wmk sideways, and different reverse: 77,6 (pic);
- Pension orders: 84,5; 86,4;
On other issues:
Australia & States: 36,11 (pic);
Canada: 51,17;
Cape of Good Hope: 62,9; 87,3;
India: 39,9; 78,24;
Japan: 88,4;
Malaysia: 2,6; 3,25; 56,11; 57,6; 89,15;
New Zealand: 4,11; 7,8; 48,13;
Nigeria: 75,7;
Orange River Colony / Orange Free State: 25,12 (pic); 68,11 (pic);
South Africa: 97,7;
USA: 44,10 (pic); 78,3;
”Filigranology” for study of watermarks: 39,3;

Withdrawals
UK: 7,4; 8,2; 8,15; 9,7; 14,12; 18,12; 22,3; 28,19; 32,5; 41,5; 42,8; 61,2; 74,4; 79,2; 80,2; 80,7; 81,7; 89,4; 96,11; 99,4; 101,2;
Australia: 6,2; 23,3; 91,16;
Ghana: 77,16;
Hong Kong: 30,3; 33,17; 70,19;
India: 54,13;
Ireland: 65,17;
Malaysia: 87,3;
New Zealand: 7,12*2; 12,8;
Seychelles: 47,20;
USA: 60,4;

version: 8 August 2011 to issue 101



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